Multinationals in their Communities: A Social Capital Approach to Corporate Citizenship Projects

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The adoption of a multi-stakeholder and partnership approach is important if companies are to achieve the developmental objectives of their CSR initiatives. Very few companies in Liberia have a community development unit staffed with development experts. Partnering with development and other relevant stakeholders would provide valuable expertise in ensuring sustainability of CSR projects. Furthermore, multi-stakeholder partnerships tend to attract FDI and further investment in the economy.

In-depth consultations with local communities in genuine self-help initiatives using local knowledge, skills and tools would greatly help the sustainability of CSR projects. This is important especially after the companies should have left or the funding dried out.

In most cases, the projects ceases to exist when multinationals withdraw their support because the projects were not designed to use local resources or managed adequately by the local communities when the assistance of the oil companies are withdrawn. In order to neutralise the threat of corruption in the implementation of CSR projects, unidentified feedback through which grievances can be expressed anonymously can be used by companies. A third party mechanism can be employed such as a CSR ombudsman. This would ensure continuous internal reinforcement of the CSR initiatives.


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The Sarbanes- Oxley Act of backs this establishment of confidential reporting or whistle blowing procedure. This independent third party mechanism will guarantee the shielding of the identities of individuals mismanaging CSR activities.

There is also a need for multinationals to place greater emphasis on social accountability and transparency in their operations. Finally, it is also important that multinationals contribute to building governance capacity. CSR does not address the issues of governance. However, governance plays a key role in determining the relationship between local communities and companies involved.

There are many instances in which local communities turn to companies to build roads, schools or hospitals because the government is failing in its developmental role. When government fails to provide socio-economic development, local people expect these companies to provide development and this can also be seen in places like Nigeria where Shell is considered a quasi-government in parts of the Niger Delta Frynas Stat Oil has done the same in Nigeria with the provision of training to Sharia Court judges.

Corporate Social Responsibility: the evolution of a definitional construct. Business and Society Vol. International Affairs Vol.

Multinationals in their Communities: A Social Capital Approach to Corporate Citizenship Projects

Corporate social responsibility and stakeholder approach: a conceptual review. Related Papers. By Francis Amaeshi.

Corporate social responsibility - Wikipedia

By Eghosa O Ekhator. By Joseph I. Uduji and Joseph Uduji. Download pdf. Their combined citations are counted only for the first article. Merged citations. This "Cited by" count includes citations to the following articles in Scholar. Add co-authors Co-authors. Upload PDF. Follow this author.

Multinationals in their Communities: A Social Capital Approach to Corporate Citizenship Projects

New articles by this author. New citations to this author. New articles related to this author's research. Email address for updates. A lot of development writing focuses on poverty - its definitions and causes. But we also need to understand wealth - how poverty can be overcome. This book is a step in the right direction. The authors conclude that 'good capitalism', the sort that incentivizes productive entrepreneurship, is key.

Entrepreneurship is the key to economic growth. As such, it is very important that it is properly understood. This book aims to help. The author argues that entrepreneurship cannot be planned, that it is about courage rather than willpower, and that it involves experimentation, networking, self-confidence and learning from mistakes. The study of entrepreneurship is on the rise around the world and this book is intended to resource scholars and educators in this field. It brings together some of the best thinking on how entrepreneurship can best be taught in the form of a 'reader'.

Young people today are displaying extraordinary interest in entrepreneurship, as well as a strong desire to 'give back' to their communities. These are some of the key findings of the surveys carried out on attitudes among America's young people, on which this book is based. The contributors to this volume, all eminent in their various fields, are committed to the view that independent entrepreneurs are far more important to economic growth than most economists recognize.

For market economies to succeed, large corporations and entrepreneurs need to work in partnership, within a robust institutional framework. The authors, both venture philanthropists, dedicate this book to 'entrepreneurs around the world who, thanks to microcredit, are overcoming poverty'. Their account is based on the close contact they have had with such barefoot business people, arguing that the poor need a hand-up rather than a hand-out.

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New ideas, models and strategies are rapidly emerging on the role of business in poverty alleviation. The contributors to this book outline a number of these approaches, including social enterprise and commercial enterprise, big business and small business solutions. One of the contributors is Peter Heslam, director of Transforming Business.

Social Capital Theory

What explains the wealth and poverty of nations? This book argues that much of what has been written about this issue focuses too much on economic growth. This can miss the point, the author claims, that entrepreneurship, a sound institutional infrastructure and economic freedom are essential for significant growth to occur.


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Books relevant to enterprise solutions to poverty that focus on Asia, Africa and the role of China in Africa. Relatively few Asian businesses appear amongst the world's truly global companies. This book is an attempt to help Asian business leaders change this situation by learning from the experience of entrepreneurial Asian companies. Future economic growth in Asia is likely to depend on innovation in China and India. But how can such innovation best be managed? This book seeks to answer this question on the basis of surveys and empirical research. Both authors combine business experience in Asia with academic careers, reflected in the fact that this book, like the one above by the same co-author, is targeted at business leaders, not just academics.

China is moving away from a bureaucracy to embrace the more open and dynamic culture of global capitalism, reshaping global business and politics in the process. The author making this argument is a Chinese citizen based in China. This makes his book compelling reading, not least because of its critique of communism and its detailed analysis of China's business scene. Innovation in high-tech products and services partly accounts for India's rapid economic growth and rising living standards.

But constraints in education and training need to be overcome if this is to be sustained. This book focuses on types of innovation that are most relevant to the needs of the poor, making recommendations for increasing productivity. China's economic rise is phenomenal but it is also precarious without the institutions that underpin capitalism such as a free press, an independent judiciary and representative government.

Rampant corruption and environmental degradation only increase the threat China poses to the global economy. So argues one of the UK's most influential thinkers in this important book.

Multinationals in Their Communities

This book claims that China is using soft power - including diplomacy, trade incentives, cultural and educational exchange opportunities - to project a benign image, pose as a model of social and economic success, and develop stronger international alliances. In so doing, it is wooing the world, changing the global political landscape in the process. Susan Shirk was a US diplomat under the Clinton administration and she draws on that experience in this book.

Despite its economic growth, China is beset with internal problems, of which the country's leaders are well aware. But they cloak these problems with nationalism, in a bid legitimize the Communist Party and win favour on the world stage - in this respect, the argument resembles Kurlantzick's above. Both China and India are 'developing countries' and yet their economies are growing rapidly - China is already the world's fourth largest economy.


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This book identifies the key factors that will influence the future development of these two countries and discusses the potential impact of their economic growth on domestic poverty and on the global economy. The twenty one essays that make up this book cover conceptual and empirical approaches to 'innovation systems' - the combination of technical and institutional development that is needed for economic development.

They cover a range of development issues, including trade and bridging the digital divide.